Jesus was born in Bethlehem when Herod was king of Judea .
What was Israel called in biblical times?
Northern & southern kingdoms
After the death of King Solomon (sometime around 930 B.C.) the kingdom split into a northern kingdom, which retained the name Israel and a southern kingdom called Judah, so named after the tribe of Judah that dominated the kingdom.
Who were the four Tetrarchs in Jesus time?
Who were the four Tetrarchs in Jesus time? The term was first used to denote the governor of any of the four tetrarchies into which Philip II of Macedon divided Thessaly in 342 bc—namely, Thessaliotis, Hestiaeotis, Pelasgiotis, and Phthiotis.
What was the main message of Jesus?
He is believed to be the Jewish messiah who is prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, which is called the Old Testament in Christianity. It is believed that through his Crucifixion and subsequent Resurrection, God offered humans salvation and eternal life, that Jesus died to atone for sin to make humanity right with God.
Why was there conflict between the Romans and the Jews?
A serious conflict between Rome and the Jews began in A.D. 66 when Nero was emperor. The Roman governor of Judea decided to take money from the Great Temple in Jerusalem. He claimed he was collecting taxes owed the emperor. … Enraged, a group of Jewish radicals, called Zealots, killed the Romans in Jerusalem.
Is Nazareth an Arab city?
Nazareth is the largest Palestinian Arab city inside Israel and one of the holiest Christian cities on earth. In the New Testament the town is described as the childhood home of Jesus and as such is a centre of Christian shrines and pilgrimage, with many shrines commemorating biblical events.