Exodus, the liberation of the people of Israel from slavery in Egypt in the 13th century bce, under the leadership of Moses; also, the Old Testament book of the same name.
When did Moses lead the Israelites out of Egypt?
This occurred in the fourth year of his reign, about 960 bce; therefore, the Exodus would date about 1440 bce.
Why did the Israelites leave Egypt?
It tells a story of Israelite enslavement and departure from Egypt, revelations at biblical Mount Sinai, and wanderings in the wilderness up to the borders of Canaan. Its message is that the Israelites were delivered from slavery by Yahweh their god, and therefore belong to him by covenant.
What time of day did the Israelites flee Egypt?
The Passover meal took place at night, beginning after sunset and ending in the morning. Consequently, the link arti- ficially alleged by the interpolation to Exodus 12:39 between the time of the Exodus and the Passover meal, is strengthened by the claim that the Israelites left Egypt at night (Deut 16:1).
How did the Israelites become slaves in Egypt?
The Israelites had been in Egypt for generations, but now that they had become so numerous, the Pharaoh feared their presence. He feared that one day the Isrealites would turn against the Egyptians. Gradually and stealthily, he forced them to become his slaves.
Who led Israelites out of Egypt?
Exulting, Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, but Pharaoh tried to ambush the Hebrews near the “Sea of Reeds.” Moses spread his hands and a strong eastern wind forged a path through the waters. As soon as Pharaoh’s chariots tried to plunge after them, the waters returned and Pharaoh’s army drowned.
What did the Israelites eat before they left Egypt?
Having stated that they left Egypt with unleavened bread, Exodus 12:36 then notes that the Israelites left with no edible food. Exodus 12:34 states that the Israelites left Egypt carrying unbaked, raw dough. Three verses later, according to Exodus 12:39, they apparently left with baked unleavened bread.
Where is Canaan today?
The land known as Canaan was situated in the territory of the southern Levant, which today encompasses Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, and the southern portions of Syria and Lebanon.
What happened to the Israelites?
Following the death of King Solomon (922 bc), the Israelites separated into the northern Kingdom of Israel (representing 10 tribes) and the southern Kingdom of Judah. When the northern kingdom was conquered by the Assyrians in 721 bc, the 10 northern tribes, including Asher, were partially dispersed.
How many Israelites went to Egypt?
As early as the 3rd century BCE, there was a widespread diaspora of Jews in many Egyptian towns and cities. In Josephus’s history, it is claimed that, after the first Ptolemy took Judea, he led some 120,000 Jewish captives to Egypt from the areas of Judea, Jerusalem, Samaria, and Mount Gerizim.