In Hebrew orthography, niqqud or nikud (Hebrew: נִקּוּד, Modern: nikud, Tiberian: niqqud, “dotting, pointing” or Hebrew: נְקֻדּוֹת, Modern: nekuddot, Tiberian: nəquddôṯ, “dots”) is a system of diacritical signs used to represent vowels or distinguish between alternative pronunciations of letters of the Hebrew …
What are the vowel marks in Hebrew called?
You probably also noticed that the Hebrew script includes little symbols under, over and inside the letters. These are called diacritics, or נִיקוּד nikud. They represent the five vowel sounds in Hebrew: a, e, i, o, and u, and they are pronounced after the consonant that they’re written above or below.
What letters are not in the Hebrew alphabet?
Letters. The Hebrew alphabet has no vowel letters. The letters only mark consonants, which means that when you look at a word you would have no idea how it is pronounced. Such alphabets are known as “abjads”.
What is a Sheva in Hebrew?
Shva or, in Biblical Hebrew, shĕwa (Hebrew: שְׁוָא) is a Hebrew niqqud vowel sign written as two vertical dots ( ְ ) beneath a letter. It indicates either the phoneme /ə/ (shva na’, mobile shva) or the complete absence of a vowel (Ø) (shva nach, resting shva).
What is a Dagesh in Hebrew?
The dagesh (דָּגֵשׁ) is a diacritic used in the Hebrew alphabet. It was added to the Hebrew orthography at the same time as the Masoretic system of niqqud (vowel points). It takes the form of a dot placed inside a Hebrew letter and has the effect of modifying the sound in one of two ways.
Who is Yahweh?
Yahweh, name for the God of the Israelites, representing the biblical pronunciation of “YHWH,” the Hebrew name revealed to Moses in the book of Exodus. The name YHWH, consisting of the sequence of consonants Yod, Heh, Waw, and Heh, is known as the tetragrammaton.