How similar is Yiddish to German?

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How similar to German is Yiddish?

‘ Although Yiddish developed from a dialect of German, the two languages are not mutually comprehensible for a variety of reasons: (1) Yiddish grammar is quite different from that of German as a result of contact with Slavic languages; (2) Yiddish is culturally distinct from German; (3) Yiddish and German have not

What percentage of Yiddish is German?

In regard to Yiddish vocabulary, it is estimated that the Germanic element makes up some 70 to 75% of the overall lexicon. The remaining 15 to 20% of words come from Hebrew, while the Slavic element is estimated at 10 to 15% (an additional few percentage points come from early Romance origin).

What language is Yiddish closest to?

While Yiddish does use some Hebrew words and is written in the Hebrew alphabet, Yiddish is actually more closely related to German and Slavic languages than it is to Hebrew.

How similar is Yiddish to German Reddit?

They’re very closely related, but Yiddish incorporates quite a lot of Hebrew loan words which aren’t mutually intelligible with German.

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Which language is closest to Hebrew?

The similarity of the Hebrew, Arabic and Aramaic languages has been accepted by all scholars since medieval times.

Is Yiddish a dying language?

Let’s get one thing straight: Yiddish is not a dying language. While UNESCO officially classifies Yiddish as an “endangered” language in Europe, its status in New York is hardly in doubt.

What does Ketzeleh mean?

Definitions. n. Little kitten, can be used as a term of endearment.

Is Schmutz German or Yiddish?

English has been particularly receptive to earthy terms from Yiddish, including this week’s featured word schmutz (pronounced SHMUTS, with a u as in put), also spelled shmutz. It means “dirt,” “filth,” “grime,” or “rubbish.”

Can Yiddish speakers understand German?

Yiddish speakers usually have an easier time understanding German than vice versa, largely because Yiddish has added words from other languages, including Hebrew and Slavic languages, which makes it more difficult for German speakers to understand. In writing, German is also somewhat mutually intelligible with Dutch.

Is Gesundheit German or Yiddish?

Gesundheit was borrowed from German, where it literally means “health”; it was formed by a combination of gesund (“healthy”) and -heit (“-hood”). Wishing a person good health when they sneezed was traditionally believed to forestall the illness that a sneeze often portends.

Is Yiddish from German?

The basic grammar and vocabulary of Yiddish, which is written in the Hebrew alphabet, is Germanic. Yiddish, however, is not a dialect of German but a complete language‚ one of a family of Western Germanic languages, that includes English, Dutch, and Afrikaans.

Which German dialect is closest to Yiddish?

When I listen to or read Eastern Yiddish (spoken or written by people whose heritage is Polish, Ukrainian or Lithuanian), the sounds and the grammar are very similar to southern German dialects: Franconian, Alsatian, Rheinland Palatinate, Swabian, Bavarian.

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Why does Yiddish sound like Dutch?

The Yiddish “Kh” is stronger than the German “Ch” in “Ich”. It is even stronger than the German “Ch” in “Mach”. The “Kh” of Yiddish is like the “Ch” or “G” of Dutch. A very strong guttural sound.

Is Aramaic spoken today?

Aramaic is still spoken by scattered communities of Jews, Mandaeans and some Christians. Small groups of people still speak Aramaic in different parts of the Middle East. … Today, between 500,000 and 850,000 people speak Aramaic languages.

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