Israel directly controls 85 percent of water resources in the West Bank and has a say in how the rest is distributed, Palestinian officials told Al Jazeera. The Palestinian Authority, meanwhile, is seeking Israeli licenses to dig additional wells in the West Bank to fill the enormous need for more water.
Does Israel share water with Palestine?
Conflict: geographical context
Israel and Palestine share three main water sources. These are the Jordan River basin; the Coastal Aquifer – with Israel upstream and Gaza downstream; and the Mountain aquifer, which starts in the heights of the West Bank and flows to the Jordan Valley.
Does Palestine have access to water?
Currently, it is estimated that 659,237 Palestinians in the West Bank have limited access to water, with 480,000 of these persons considered ‘vulnerable’ as a result. According to the World Bank, the oPt is considered water-scarce with lower to middle-income levels in terms of water.
Where does Israel get water?
Israel’s main freshwater resources are: Lake Kinneret – the Sea of Galilee, the Coastal Aquifer – along the coastal plain of the Mediterranean Sea, and the Mountain Aquifer – under the central north-south (Carmel) mountain range.
Are Palestinians allowed in Israel?
Israel enforces restrictions on the freedom of movement of Palestinians in the West Bank by employing a system of permanent, temporary and random manned checkpoints, the West Bank Barrier and by forbidding the usage of roads by Palestinians.
Why does Gaza not have clean water?
Shane Stevenson, Oxfam Country Director in the Occupied Palestinian Territory and Israel, said: “Gaza is largely dependent upon fuel for its electricity, including to pump clean water from wells into homes. … Six hospitals and 11 clinics have also been damaged including the only COVID-19 laboratory in Gaza.”
Is Israel a wealthy country?
Israel was ranked 19th on the 2016 UN Human Development Index, indicating “very high” development. It is considered a high-income country by the World Bank.